Early Cancellations and the CPA: Landlord vs Tenant.
As the government instituted the strictest of laws confining us to our homes and closing down many businesses for months, the South African economy hit an all time low, and our already very high unemployment rates soared beyond all time heights; leaving many tenants unable to fulfill their rental obligations towards landlords.
As the situation became worse for many tenants, they found themselves deeper and deeper in arrears on their rental payments and landlords were carrying the costs. With the strict regulations that the lockdown imposed, social media usage became the only form of social activity for many people in isolation and the spread of fake news became a pandemic all by itself. Posts and articles told tenants that they are within their rights to simply not pay rent if they are unable to earn a living during the lockdown, and that landlords do not have the right to take any action against them due to the National State of Disaster.
The Consumer Protection Act (CPA) was referred to as a backup to this theory and the word on the street was that tenants can cancel their leases without paying any outstanding rent and have no obligation to continue the full term of the lease.
What does the CPA say about this?
Section 14 of the CPA states that the consumer (in this case the tenant) may cancel the agreement “despite any provision of the consumer agreement to the contrary”. Therefore, the tenant can cancel a lease agreement even if an early cancellation is stipulated as not allowed within the lease agreement. However, the tenant can only cancel the lease agreement on the expiry date of the 20 business day notice period that must be given by the tenant to the landlord of such an early cancellation.
What is the difference between the Notice Period and The Expiry Date?
According to the CPA, the tenant must give the landlord 20 business days’ notice that they will be canceling the lease agreement. This means if the tenant is giving one month’s notice of cancellation, beginning for example, on 1 January and ending 31 January, the notice period referred to is 1-31 January. So the expiry date of the notice period will be 1 February. It is important to note the manner in which notice of cancellation must be given by the tenant must be made clear within the lease agreement. For example if written notice is required then it must be clearly stated. Don’t forget that a verbal communication, text message, etc. will not stand as notification of cancellation, unless the lease agreement specifically allows for this.
Does early cancellation release the tenant from the obligation to pay rent?
No, it does not! The tenant is still obligated to pay rent for both the notice period, as well as all outstanding rental monies that have accrued until the date of expiry of this notice period. Regardless of the CPA, the tenant has no right to refuse to pay any rental owed to the landlord, nor does the tenant have the right to refuse to pay any cancellation penalties.
Where does the landlord stand?
Landlords are well within their rights to claim both outstanding rent and any “damages” they have suffered as a result of the tenant canceling the lease agreement before the agreed expiry date.
Such “damages” include:
- Any “discount” that the landlord offered the tenant as part of the lease agreement. This means if the lease agreement stipulates a reduction in the rental amount will be granted, should the tenant conclude a five-year lease agreement, then the landlord has the right to claim back the balance of that discount.
- Any damages that the landlord may suffer resulting from the mandate agreement with the rental agent.
- The landlord may utilise the tenant’s deposit to cover these damages.
Why are the contents of a lease agreement so important?
Should a situation such as this end up in court, the first thing the courts will do is look at the lease agreement prior to handing down judgment in the case. This is where the lease agreement included in the TPN LeasePack will provide a watertight solution. Section 21 of this agreement clearly states that payment of outstanding rent and any damages due to the landlord are enforceable by law, regardless of the state of the economy, or the tenant’s financial situation.
For more detail on the content of this article, please follow this link to a full training webinar on the eviction process. https://youtu.be/514wZv3hs_o
Protections Afforded to Tenants by the Consumer Protection ActAt the forefront of consumer protection law in South Africa is the Consumer Protection Act (the “CPA”). Section 14 of the CPA is of particular importance to the landlord-tenant relationship, but it may not...